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Function of lub oil purifiers in diesel engine

Lubricating oil in its passage through a diesel engine will become contaminated by wear particles, combustion products and water. The centrifuge, arranged as a purifier, is used to continuously remove these impurities.



The large quantity of oil flowing through a system means that full flow lubrication would be too costly. A bypass system, drawing dirty oil from low down in the oil sump remote from the pump suction and returning clean oil close to the pump suction, is therefore used. Since this is a bypass system the aim should be to give the lowest degree of impurity for the complete system, which may mean running the centrifuge somewhat below the maximum throughput.

Water-washing during centrifuging can be adopted if the oil manufacturer or supplier is in agreement; but some oils contain water-soluble additives, which would of course be lost if water-washed. The advantages of water-washing include the dissolving and removal of acids, improved separation by wetting solid impuritiesj and the constant renewal of the bowl liquid seal. The washing water is usually heated to a slightly higher temperature than the oil.

Detergent-type oils are used for cleaning as well as lubricating and find a particular application in trunk-type engines and some slow-speed engines. Detergent-type oil additives are usually soluble and must not therefore be water-washed.


Steam turbines

The lubricating oil in a steam turbine will become contaminated by system impurities and water from condensed steam, so bypass separation is used to clean the oil. The dirty oil is drawn from the bottom of the sump and clean oil returned near the pump suction. Preheating of the oil before centrifuging assists the separation process. Water washing of the oil can be done where the manufacturer or supplier of the oil permits it.


Related Information:

  1. Lubrication Schedule and Orders
  2. The lubrication system of an engine provides a supply of lubricating oil to the various moving parts in the engine. Its main function is to enable the formation of a film of oil between the moving parts, which reduces friction and wear. The lubricating oil is also used as a cleaner and in some engines as a coolant.....

  3. Function of Lubricating oil filters
  4. Lubricating oil filters can be found both on the suction and discharge sides of the lubricating oil pump dependent on the installation and type of engine or engines. Their maintenance is absolutely critical to the life expectancy of the crankshaft and its bearings, which depends entirely on an uninterrupted supply of clean and correctly filtered oil.....

  5. Lubricating oil treatment
  6. lubricating oils require treatment before passing to the engine. This will involve storage and heating to allow separation of water present, coarse and fine filtering to remove solid particles and also centrifuging......

  7. Lubricating oil centrifuging
  8. Lubricating oil in its passage through a diesel engine will become contaminated by wear particles, combustion products and water. The centrifuge, arranged as a purifier, is used to continuously remove these impurities....

  9. Cylinder lubrication & maintaining sump level
  10. The sump level is to be according to manufacturers/shipbuilders instructions . The ‘Sump Quantity’ is always maintained at the same safe operating level and is given in litres. It is essential that the figures are mathematically steady and correct from month-to-month, taking into account consumption, losses and refills and reported .....

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Lubricating Oil Systems -Lubrication Schedule and Orders

Lubricating oils treatment for marine use

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Mixing of heavy fuel oil and marine diesel oil using blenders


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