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Fire fighting equipment for machinery spaces - Automatic foam induction system
Fire protection on ships is provided by detection and fire-fighting equipment together with structural features which are intended to contain an outbreak of fire and the employment when required of non-combustible materials to prevent its spread.
Foam spreading systems are designed to suit the particular ship's
requirements with regard to quantity of foam, areas to be protected, etc.
Mechanical foam is the usual substance used, being produced by mixing
foam making liquid with large quantities of water. Violent agitation of
the mixture in air creates air bubbles in the foam.
An automatic foam induction system is shown in Figure . The
automatic inductor unit ensures the correct mixing of water and foam
compound which is then pumped as the foam making solution to the
hydrants for use. The foam compound tank is sealed to protect the
contents from deterioration and has linked compound supply and air
vent valves. To operate the system these two linked valves are opened
and the fire pump started. Foam mixing is carefully rnetered by the
automatic inductor unit. The fire pump and compound tank must be
located outside the protected space.
Fig: Foam induction system
High-expansion foam systems are also available where a foam
generator produces, from foam concentrate and sea water, a thousand
times the quantity of foam. The generator blows air through a net
sprayed with foam concentrate and water. The vastly expanded foam is
then ducted away to the space to be protected. The foam is an insulator
and an absorber of radiant heat; it also excludes oxygen from the fire.
A variety of different fixed fire fighting installations exist, some of
which are specifically designed for certain types of ship. A selection of
the more general installations will now be outlined.
- Fire main system for cargo ships
An outbreak of fire requires a source of ignition, the presence of combustible material and ample oxygen. Of the three factors, oxygen is provided in large quantities in machinery spaces, accommodation, dry cargo holds and tanker pumprooms by ventilation fans. Air supply trunkings are not only a source for a supply of oxygen to feed the fire but also have potential for carrying smoke from one area to another....
- Automatic water spray & water mist system for machinery protected area
The automatic spray or sprinker system provides a network of sprinkler heads throughout the protected spaces. This system may be used in accommodation areas, and in machinery spaces with certain variations in the equipment used and the method of operation. ....
- Automatic foam induction system for machinery space fire
Foam spreading systems are designed to suit the particular ship's requirements with regard to quantity of foam, areas to be protected, etc. Mechanical foam is the usual substance used, being produced by mixing foam making liquid with large quantities of water. Violent agitation of the mixture in air creates air bubbles in the foam. ...
- CO2 fire extinguishing installations for machinery spaces
Fire extinguishing installations employing CO 2 stored under pressure at ambient temperature are extensively used to protect ships' cargo compartments, boiler rooms and machinery spaces. When released the CO 2 is distributed throughout the compartment, so diminishing the relative oxygen content and rendering the atmosphere inert....
- Inert gas systems, inert gas generator
Inert gases are those which do not support combustion and are largely nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Large quantities suitable for fire extinguishing can be obtained by burning fuel in carefully measured amounts or by cleaning the exhaust gases from a boiler. ....
- Fire fighting Halon system
A Halon storage system would be very similar to one using carbon dioxide except that fewer cylinders would be required. The liquefied Halon is usually pressurised in the cylinders with nitrogen in order to increase the speed of discharge. ....
Types of portable fire extinguisher
There are four principal types of portable extinguisher usually found on
board ship. These are the soda-acid, foam, dry powder and carbon dioxide
extinguishers. Details as below :
Important fire & safety equipments
- Soda acid portable fire extinguisher
- Foam type portable fire extinguisher
- Dry powder fire extinguishers
- CO2 portable fire extinguisher
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